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Current Drug Discovery Technologies


ISSN (Print): 1570-1638
ISSN (Online): 1875-6220

Review Article

Herbal Therapies for Weight Gain and Metabolic Abnormalities Induced by Atypical Antipsychotics: A Review Article

Author(s): Hamideh Naghibi, Roshanak Salari, Mahdi Yousefi, Majid Khadem-Rezaiyan, Mohammad Reza Ghanbarzadeh and Mohammad Reza Fayyazi Bordbar*

Volume 20, Issue 5, 2023

Published on: 05 June, 2023

Article ID: e110423215660 Pages: 17

DOI: 10.2174/1570163820666230411111343

Price: $65


Psychosis is a state of mind that makes it difficult to determine what is real and what is not. Psychosis can have serious negative effects. Like many psychiatric phenomena, psychosis has a variety of causes, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and psychotic depression. Antipsychotic medications, psychotherapy, and social support are the most common treatments. Antipsychotic drugs reduce the symptoms of psychosis by changing brain chemistry. Based on the mechanism of action, antipsychotics have two groups, typical and atypical. Most people who take antipsychotics experience side effects. People taking typical antipsychotics tend to have higher rates of extrapyramidal side effects, but some atypical drugs, especially olanzapine, are associated with the risk of significant weight gain, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome, which, in turn, increases the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and premature death. Physical exercise, diet regimen, psychoeducation, monotherapy, or switching to an alternative antipsychotic are strategies to correct metabolic aberrates in atypical antipsychotic users. In light of several successful studies on the use of medicinal plants to control metabolic syndrome, this article briefly reviews the studies on some herbal medications for the management of metabolic disorders associated with atypical antipsychotics and discusses probable mechanisms. Therefore, we searched the Cochrane, Scopus, PubMed, and Google Scholar databases for works published before July, 2022, on the effect of herbal medications on antipsychotic-related metabolic abnormalities in animals or humans. We recommend that some herbal medicines may be efficient for regulating the metabolic changes related to atypical antipsychotics due to their multipotential action, and more efforts should be made to make herbal drug treatments more effective. We hope this review will be a reference for research on developing herbal therapeutics for metabolic alterations in antipsychotic customers.

Keywords: Psychosis, psychiatric patients, schizophrenia, atypical antipsychotics, metabolic abnormalities, herbal medicines.

Graphical Abstract
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