Generic placeholder image

Recent Patents on Engineering

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1872-2121
ISSN (Online): 2212-4047

Review Article

Review of Recent Patents on Smart Bearing

Author(s): Chengyi Pan*, Yuanfei Cao, Yubin Yan and Ruinan Shao

Volume 18, Issue 4, 2024

Published on: 15 June, 2023

Article ID: e270423216263 Pages: 27

DOI: 10.2174/1872212118666230427112757

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Smart bearing is based on the traditional bearing, which is integrated by sensing devices and control devices, formating a unique bearing structure unit. It uses information processing, automatic control, and other technologies to achieve real-time online monitoring of bearing operating conditions, fault detection, and state control. Compared with ordinary bearings, smart bearings have the characteristics of self-awareness, self-decision, and self-regulation. By analyzing the composition of various types of smart bearings and their working principles, it is beneficial to prospect the future development direction of bearings.

Objective: We analyze and organize the patents on smart bearings in recent years, summarize the problems encountered in the development of smart bearings, and propose the development direction of smart bearings in the future to provide a reference for future scientific research.

Methods: This paper reviews the patents related to smart bearings and analyzes the composition and structure of smart bearings. The main smart bearings include rolling bearing, sliding bearing, magnetic bearing, and rubber bearing. The principle and structure of these bearings are analyzed. Their advantages and shortcomings are discussed.

Results: Through the analysis of relevant patents and papers on smart bearings, the current development status and problems of smart bearings are summarized, the future design of smart bearings is proposed, and the research ideas and directions are proposed.

Conclusion: The development of smart bearings is conducive to the timely detection of bearing conditions in the operation process. Except for detection, smart bearings have the functions of judgment, feedback, processing, etc. There are many factors that interfere with the accuracy of the smart bearing judgment and information transfer, so it is necessary to improve the structure and working principle of smart bearings through a variety of measures. In the future, more smart bearings will be invented.

Keywords: Magnetic bearing, rolling bearing, rubber bearing, sensor, sliding bearing, smart bearing.

Graphical Abstract
[1]
Z.R. Zhang, X.L. Li, G.J. Chen, G. Li, B.S. Chen, and G.D. Gu, "Research on the path and strategy of the transformation and upgrading of China’s bearing industry based on the analysis of industrial chain integration and value enhancement", Bearing Industry, no. 1, pp. 15-19, 2010.
[2]
J.Q. He, "China’s industrial power strategy and bearing industry", Bearing, no. 1, pp. 55-63, 2015.
[3]
G. Hang, and Q. Lv, "Smart bearing technology based on microsensors", Zhongguo Jixie Gongcheng, vol. 14, no. 21, pp. 1883-1885, 2003.
[4]
Q. Yuan, R. Yin, X. Cao, and P. Liu, "Strategic research on the goals, characteristics, and paths of intelligentization of process manufacturing industry for 2035", Chinese J. Eng. Sci., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 148-156, 2020.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.15302/J-SSCAE-2020.03.022]
[5]
J.H. Chen, W. Li, W.Y. Zhang, and H. Wang, "Research status of smart rolling bearing monitoring methods", Mechanic. Streng., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 509-516, 2021.
[6]
Y.M. Shao, W.B. Tu, and J. Ye, "Analysis on structure and monitoring capability of new type smart bearings", Bearing, no. 5, pp. 27-31, 2012.
[7]
Y.Q. Zhu, P. Zhang, Q.Q. Yuan, K. Yan, and J. Hong, "Key technologies and development trends of smart bearings", J. Vibrat. Measur. Diagnosis, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 455-462, 2019.
[8]
H. Liu, Research on the Key Technologies of Smart Bearing Based on the Embedded Sensor, M.S. thesis, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, 2006.
[9]
D.L. Dong, Information theory analysis of wireless transmission security, M.S. thesis, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing, China, 2020.
[10]
Y. Xiao, Research on wireless transmission technology of multiplex signal, M.S. thesis, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China, 2020.
[11]
B.Z. Cui, H.N. Wang, Z.H. Peng, and L.L. Gao, "Design and simulation analysis of self-power supply structure of smart bearing", Bearing, no. 1, pp. 1-6, 2022.
[12]
Y.Q. Bi, The Research of Self-powered Intelligent Sensor System Based on High-efficiency Nanogenerator, M.S. thesis, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China, 2020.
[13]
Y.Q. Yang, C.H. Zhang, and F.Y. Lin, "Overview of rolling bearing fault diagnosis techniques", Shandong Chem. Ind., vol. 50, no. 21, pp. 83-87, 2021.
[14]
M. Xu, and P. Wang, "Research on rolling bearing fault diagnosis based on FB-LSTM resent", Bearing, no. 10, pp. 1-8, 2022.
[15]
K. Yan, C. Gao, Y.S. Zhu, and J. Hong, "Research on the temperature measurement principle and realization technology of rolling bearing inner ring based on cdte quantum dots", Jixie Gongcheng Xuebao, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 134-140, 2017.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3901/JME.2017.04.134]
[16]
B. Zaghari, A. Weddell, N. White, I. Bashir, T. Harvey, and L. Wang, "Integrated smart bearings for next generation aero-engines. Part II: Energy harvesting and wireless communication development", Clean Sky, no. 9, pp. 1-11, 2017.
[17]
M.E. Hakim, A.S. Dimitri, T. Saqr, J. Mahfoud, A. Adly, and A.E. Shafei, Numerical and experimental identification of the static characteristics of a combined", journal-magnetic bearing: smart integrated bearingThe 10th International Conference of Vibration Rotating Machine , vol. 30 2012, p, p. 399-407, .
[18]
L. Ma, "Early warning of engine failures – MAHLE releases smart bearings", Cars New Power, vol. 2, no. 5, p. 2, 2019.
[19]
J.H. Chen, W.Y. Zhang, M.T. Luo, and H. Wang, "Research on temperature monitoring system of inner ring of smart rolling bearing", Instrum. Tech. Sensor, no. 10, pp. 103-108, 2021.
[20]
R. Kostek, Arduino based diagnostics system dedicated to rolling bearings 24th International Conference Engineering Mechanics 2018, Svratka, Czech Republic, May 14 –17, 2018, p. 409-412.
[21]
C.J. Qi, P.Y. Wang, X.W. Shen, and Y.C. Ma, "Overview of sliding bearing", Sci. technol. info., vol. 12, no. 10, p. 81, 2014.
[22]
J. Zhu, H.L. Gao, D.N. Pi, X.S. Zhan, and B. Wan, "Monitoring technology for wear of sliding bearing based on thermoelectric effect", Bearing, no. 7, pp. 57-62, 2019.
[23]
H.Y. Tan, X.X. Lu, K.L. Li, and T. Tan, "Research progress on lubrication state of sliding bearing", Turbine technol., vol. 60, no. 5, p. 325-328, 2018.
[24]
Z. Zhang, J. Sun, J.W. Zhao, and Z.H. Xu, "Review of the lubrication research of sliding bearing considering the surface roughness and elastic deformation", J. Mech. Des., vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1-5, 2017.
[25]
J. Zhao, and Y.R. Tao, "Analysis on the lubrication reliability of sliding bearing based on the response surface and MCMC subset simulation", J. Mech. Des., vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 31-37, 2021.
[26]
Z.C. Wei, "Selection of bearing lining materials and lubricants for sliding bearing", China Packaging Industry no. 2, pp. 11-12, 2013..
[27]
Igus, “Smart 5 Times: Igus launches its first catalogue of smart sliding bearing”.New Automation Drives No 15 2020, p. 53, .
[28]
A.R.G. da Silveira, and G.B. Daniel, "Piezoelectric harvester for smart tilting pad journal bearings", Energy Convers. Manage., vol. 205, p. 112338, 2020.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2019.112338]
[29]
D.Q. Ren, Y. Zhang, W.Z. Zhang, and G.L. Zhao, "Embedded smart sliding bearing research", Light Industry Mach., vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 88-91, 2015.
[30]
E.C. Xue, Z.W. Guo, and C.Q. Yuan, "Design and performance verification of marine smart water-lubricated stern bearings with temperature sensing", China Mech. Eng., vol. 33, no. 14, pp. 1639-1645, 2022.
[31]
R. Aufischer, S. Schallmeiner, A. Wimmer, and M. Engelmayer, "Smart sliding bearing that support engine development", Cars New Power, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 36-39, 2020.
[32]
P.S. Xu, D.S. Yang, H.S. Xu, and C.W. Luo, "A review of control method of magnetic bearing system", 2021 Proceedings of the China Automation Conference 2021,p, p. 283-288, .
[33]
W.Y. Zhang, H.Q. Zhu, and Y. Yuan, "Study on key technologies and applications of magnetic bearing", Trans. China Electrotech. Soc., vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 12-20, 2015.
[34]
J. Qian, X.P. Wang, J.H. Xie, H. Tang, L. Wang, J.S. Zhang, G.Q. Wu, and L.J. Zhu, "Static design in the implementation of smart magnetic bearing", J. Shanghai Uni., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 562-566, 2006.
[35]
L. Zhang, The research on on-line self-diagnosis control system of magnetic suspension bearing, M.S. thesis, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, China, 2019.
[36]
J.H. Zhang, Research on Intelligent bearing based on giant magnetostrictive magnetic fluid, M.S. thesis, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai, China, 2018.
[37]
A.Q. Zheng, Research on Sensor Fault Identification and Monitoring System of Active Magnetic Bearing, M.S. thesis, Shenyang University of Technology, Shenyang, China, 2018.
[38]
J.H. Shi, Research on Active Magnetic Bearing Controller Based on Sliding Mode Variable Structure, M.S. thesis, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 2019.
[39]
Z.Y. Yin, Y.W. Cai, Y. Ren, W.J. Wang, X.C. Chen, and C.M. Yu, "State feedback decoupled active disturbance rejection control for magnetically suspended rotor", J. Beijing Uni. Aeronautics Astronautics, vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 1210-1221, 2021.
[40]
J.S. Xie, F. Yang, and Y.Y. Zi, "Load-bearing characteristics of wear water lubricated rubber bearing", J. Vib. Shock., vol. 39, no. 24, pp. 231-270, 2020.
[41]
N. Wang, and Q. Meng, "Research on wireless nondestructive monitoring method for film pressure of water-lubricated bearing", Ind. Lubr. Tribol., vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 349-358, 2015.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/ILT-08-2014-0079]
[42]
N. Wang, Q. Meng, P. Wang, T. Geng, and X. Yuan, "Experimental research on film pressure distribution of water-lubricated rubber bearing with multiaxial grooves", J. Fluids Eng., vol. 135, no. 8, p. 084501, 2013.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4024147]
[43]
M. Winkler, R. Baier, and S. Mensch, "Sensor device for a rolling bearing and rolling bearing arrangement comprising such a sensor device", U.S. Patent 10295557B2, 2019.
[44]
M. Aoki, I. Sakatani, and M. Watanabe, "Bearing device with sensor and rolling bearing with sensor", U.S. Patent 7249891B2, 2007.
[45]
X.X. Ding, Z.Y. Chen, L.K. Zhang, H.P. Tan, Q. Zeng, and Y.M. Shao, "Wind turbine smart bearings", C.N. Patent 215214417U, 2021.
[46]
W.B. Huang, W. Zhao, X.X. Ding, L.M. Wang, and Y.M. Shao, "Integrated smart bearings", C.N. Patent 113125154A, 2021.
[47]
H. Jens, J.O. Hesterman, and A. Flvwald, "Rolling bearing unit with strain transducer device", C.N. Patent 108138841B, 2020.
[48]
X.X. Ding, Z.Y. Chen, L.K. Zhang, R. Liu, L.M. Wang, W.B. Huang, and Y.M. Shao, "Wireless power supply smart bearings", C.N. Patent 113489160A, 2021.
[49]
H. Knokke, R. Wunderlich, K. Hauser, and R. Hollweck, "Force-sensing bearing", E.P. Patent 1563269B1, 2006.
[50]
S. Watanabe, "Rolling bearing unit and oil supply unit", J.P. Patent 6446887B2, 2019.
[51]
J.L. Sun, X. Guo, H.Y. Wang, W.F. Zhang, T.T. Hao, T.T. Wang, and H.P. Yang, "A temperature measurement smart bearing based on thin film thermocouple", C.N. Patent 113983075A, 2021.
[52]
P. Liu, L.Q. Wang, D.Z. Zheng, X.L. Zhao, C.W. Zhang, L. Gu, and R.H. Xu, "A nano-generator-based cage speed autosensory smart bearing", C.N. Patent 112610613A, 2021.
[53]
C.P. Zhang, and S.P. Wen, "Smart bearing with temperature measurement and control function and preparation method thereof", C.N. Patent 110307258B, 2020.
[54]
F.F. Ni, L. Yang, Z.D. Zhao, X.M. Zhong, and Q. Shen, "A smart bearing with condition monitoring", C.N. Patent 214742761U, 2021.
[55]
X.X. Ding, Y.L. Li, D. He, L. Lin, W.B. Huang, L.M. Wang, and Y.M. Shao, "Embedded acoustic smart bearing and diagnostic method for monitoring thereof", C.N. Patent 114152443A, 2022.
[56]
X.X. Ding, R. Liu, S.L. Liu, Y.L. Li, H.P. Tan, W.B. Huang, and Y.M. Shao, "An acoustic differential smart bearing variable-scale adaptive denoising method and acoustic smart bearing", C.N. Patent 113887369A, 2022.
[57]
Z.Q. Hong, "A kind of smart bearing that realizes the interconnection of data and Things", C.N. Patent 211951185U, 2020.
[58]
L.Q. Wu, Y.F. Zhang, Z.E. Wang, and K. Lu, "A smart bearing roller for real-time inspection", C.N. Patent 112628290A, 2021.
[59]
W.M. Zhuang, H. Wang, and J.L. Ma, "Smart knitted mechanical bearing", C.N. Patent 213808473U, 2021.
[60]
J.X. Yin, H.B. Zhu, C. Yi, and X.D. Zhang, "A kind of smart bearing", C.N. Patent 113483016A, 2021.
[61]
L. Cui, and X.F. Liang, "A kind of intelligent bearing", C.N. Patent 112431855A, 2021.
[62]
W.B. Huang, T. Zhang, Y. Liu, X.X. Ding, and L.M. Wang, "Wirelessly powered smart bearings with condition monitoring", C.N. Patent 113565878A, 2021.
[63]
X.X. Ding, Y.L. Li, Y.D. Zhang, Q. Zhang, R. Liu, W.B. Huang, and Y.M. Shao, "Acoustic smart bearings", C.N. Patent 113483027A, 2021.
[64]
S. Minoru, "A sensor-mounted roller bearing apparatus", E.P. Patent 1818660B1, 2005.
[65]
G. Andrew, B. Duane, and S. Richard, "Bearing with wear sensor", E.P. Patent 3280993B1, 2016.
[66]
Z.H. Kou, Y.Y. He, and J.B. Luo, "A type of spherical bearing", C.N. Patent 113202862A, 2021.
[67]
K. Feng, J.C. Cao, and K. Zhang, "A kind of dynamic pressure smart air flotation bearing", C.N. Patent 114136620A, 2022.
[68]
T. Saji, "Diagnostic methods and diagnostic devices for sliding bearing", J.P. Patent 6111347B2, 2017.
[69]
S.H. Zhou, B. Luo, J. Zhu, X.L. Lu, and X.J. Liu, "Smart oil supply system for sliding bearing and oil supply method thereof", C.N. Patent 103672346A, 2014.
[70]
K. Omoto, and S. Takada, "Rotation sensor-equipped bearing", U.S. Patent 9188462B2, 2015.
[71]
J.F. Lv, "Sliding bearing with oil film thickness sensor and its lubrication method", C.N. Patent 108488221B, 2020.
[72]
P. Zhang, and L.L. He, "Fiber optic sensor capable of simultaneously detecting the thickness and temperature of the lubricant film of sliding bearing", C.N. Patent 206420583U, 2017.
[73]
S.M. Qi, X. Zhou, G.B. Tian, H. Liu, and Y. Liu, "A radial sliding bearing with automatic adjustment of the oil retainer", C.N. Patent 110145536B, 2020.
[74]
C.B. Liu, Z.D. Liu, and Y.B. Zong, "Wind turbine spindle sliding bearing wear monitoring sensor", C.N. Patent 113982864A, 2022.
[75]
D. Wei, B.L. Wei, Y.L. Li, C.B. Liu, C.Y. Sun, W. Shuang, Y.B. Zong, and X. Li, "Smart wind power sliding bearing clearance adjustment system", C.N. Patent 214499785U, 2021.
[76]
W.B. Sun, B. Luo, J. Zhu, X.J. Liu, and C.L. Gong, "Smart sliding bearing oil pan oil supply system", C.N. Patent 205207454U, 2016.
[77]
R. Soelch, G. Drew, and T. Auletto, "Method for making a bearing having a self-lubricating surface", U.S. Patent 9314815B2, 2016.
[78]
G. Drew, and R. Soelch, "Self-lubricated bearing compositins and methods of making the same", U.S. Patent 10184520B2, 2019.
[79]
Z.L. Yang, D.Z. Wei, X.H. Tian, and L.B. Zheng, "An inductive radial displacement sensor for magnetic bearing", C.N. Patent 113970346A, 2022.
[80]
Z.Z. Su, Q. Liu, H. Jiang, C. Wu, and Z. Li, "Magnetic bearing displacement sensor fault tolerance control system and control method", C.N. Patent 113719539A, 2021.
[81]
Y.M. Guo, "A type of offset sensor for magnetic bearing", C.N. Patent 113669368A, 2021.
[82]
Y.S. Li, H.G. Zhang, X.H. He, M.S. Zhao, H. Liu, Z.Y. Li, L. Liu, and J.Y. Zhang, "An inductive displacement sensor for magnetic bearing", C.N. Patent 111623700B, 2021.
[83]
S.Q. Zheng, P.T. Tian, S.T. Wei, J.X. Zhou, X. Han, and B.Y. Dong, "A five-degree-of-freedom rotor axially displaced self-sensing magnetic bearing", C.N. Patent 113833757A, 2021.
[84]
X.Y. Wang, Y.P. Zhang, and P. Gao, "A radial magnetic bearing without a position sensor", C.N. Patent 112324802A, 2021.
[85]
H. Cui, Y.Q. Gao, L.R. Guo, Y.R. Gao, Q.Y. Wu, and Q. Guo, "An integrated control system for magnetic bearing for high-speed motors", CN 214850826 U, 2021.
[86]
Y.Z. Lin, C.L. Shi, L.H. Wu, and J.Y. Dong, "A combined sensor structure for magnetic bearing", C.N. Patent 209430622U, 2019.
[87]
W.G. Zhu, Q.Y. Le, X.T. Ye, S.S. Wu, T. Zhang, Q. Lu, and W.H. Ding, "A magnetic bearing used to switch reluctance motors", C.N. Patent 112100847B, 2022.
[88]
G. Xiang, J.X. Wang, L. Gan, Y.F. Han, K. Xiao, H. Jia, and C. Wang, "Water lubricated rubber alloy bearing device, friction self-excitation vibration noise active suppression system and method", C.N. Patent 113417938B, 2022.
[89]
J.X. Wang, W. Pu, G.W. Zhou, Q.H. Zhou, Y.F. Han, and J.Y. Li, "Water lubricated rubber alloy smart bearings", C.N. Patent 10343810B, 2016.
[90]
J.X. Wang, G. Xiang, Y.F. Hang, C. Wang, S.A. Chen, and J.L. Cai, "Variable stiffness smart water lubrication bearings and their powertrains", C.N. Patent 112228449B, 2021.
[91]
G. Xiang, J.X. Wang, Y.F. Hang, K. Xiao, H. Jia, and C. Wang, "Water-lubricated rubber alloy bearings for shaftless wheel flange thrusters and optimal lubrication clearance adjustment methods", C.N. Patent 113417939B, 2022.
[92]
J. Spratt, B. Granneman, and M. Alsoy, "Rubber bearing with runout sensors", J.P. Patent 4054805B2, 2008.

Rights & Permissions Print Cite
© 2024 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy