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Current Reviews in Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology


ISSN (Print): 2772-4328
ISSN (Online): 2772-4336

Review Article

A Review on the Efficacy of Plant-derived Bio-active Compounds Curcumin and Aged Garlic Extract in Modulating Cancer and Age-related Diseases

Author(s): Diptimayee Das, Kanchan M, Abhijit Mitra, Mohamed Y. Zaky, Surajit Pathak and Antara Banerjee*

Volume 19, Issue 2, 2024

Published on: 12 May, 2023

Page: [146 - 162] Pages: 17

DOI: 10.2174/2772432819666230504093227

Price: $65


Aging is a process characterized by accumulating degenerative changes resulting in the death of an organism. Aging is mediated by various pathways that are directly linked to the individual's lifespan and are shunted for many age-related diseases. Many strategies for alleviating age-related diseases have been studied, which can target cells and molecules. Modern drugs such as Metformin, Rapamycin, and other drugs are used to reduce the effects of age-related diseases. Despite their beneficial activity, they possess some side effects which can limit their applications, mainly in older adults. Natural phytochemicals which have anti-aging activities have been studied by many researchers from a broader aspect and suggested that plant-based compounds can be a possible, direct, and practical way to treat age-related diseases which has enormous anti-aging activity. Also, studies indicated that the synergistic action of phytochemicals might enhance the biological effect rather than the individual or summative effects of natural compounds. Curcumin has an antioxidant property and is an effective scavenger of reactive oxygen species. Curcumin also has a beneficial role in many age-related diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, neurological disorder, and cancer. Aged garlic extracts are also another bioactive component that has high antioxidant properties. Many studies demonstrated aged garlic extract, which has high antioxidant properties, could play a significant role in anti-aging and age-related diseases. The synergistic effect of these compounds can decrease the requirement of doses of a single drug, thus reducing its side effects caused by increased concentration of the single drug.

Keywords: Aging, age-related disease, cancer, curcumin, aged garlic extracts, bio-active compounds.

Graphical Abstract
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