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Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine


ISSN (Print): 1875-6921
ISSN (Online): 1875-6913

Research Article

Riboflavin and Histidine Metabolisms Are Two Key Pathways Related to the Clinically Isolated Syndrome (CIS): A WGCNA-based In silico Analysis

Author(s): Parvaneh Tavakoli Afshar, Zohreh Taherian, Roya Bakhtiyari, Farzaneh Rami, Masoud Etemadifar and Mansoor Salehi*

Volume 20, Issue 1, 2023

Published on: 31 May, 2023

Page: [57 - 71] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/1875692120666230504114225

Price: $65


Background: As an inflammatory disorder, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) causes demyelination, as well as axonal and neuronal injury in the central nervous system (CNS). Several clinical signs may be the indicators of MS among which, Clinically Isolated Syndrome (CIS) is the first symptom caused by the inflammation and demyelination of CNS. CIS is characterized by symptoms such as optic neuritis, brain stem or cerebellar syndrome, spinal cord syndrome, or sometimes cerebral hemispheric dysfunction.

Objective: So far, metabolic pathways involved in the development of CIS are not fully understood. Therefore, in this study, weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) has been used to identify differentially expressed genes in CIS disease and the main pathways associated with it.

Methods: We grouped differentially expressed genes along with the functionally related genes into large modules to obtain their direct and indirect relationships.

Results: The results have identified two new pathways associated with CIS, including riboflavin and histidine metabolism-involved pathways.

Conclusion: Riboflavin and histidine metabolism-involved pathways may be considered potential therapeutic goals for CIS management in the future.

Keywords: WGCNA, immunity-involved pathways, multiple sclerosis (MS), clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), CNS, MRI.

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