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Current Drug Delivery


ISSN (Print): 1567-2018
ISSN (Online): 1875-5704

Review Article

Green Extracts with Metal-based Nanoparticles for Treating Inflammatory Diseases: A Review

Author(s): Sonia Singh*, Khushi Sharma and Himanshu Sharma

Volume 21, Issue 4, 2024

Published on: 15 June, 2023

Page: [544 - 570] Pages: 27

DOI: 10.2174/1567201820666230602164325

Price: $65


Globally, high death rates and poor quality of life are caused mainly by inflammatory diseases. Corticosteroids, which may have systemic side effects and would enhance the risk of infection, are the common forms of therapy. The field of nanomedicine has created composite nanoparticles that carry a pharmacological carrier and target ligands for distribution to sites of inflammation with less systemic toxicity. However, their relatively large size often causes systemic clearance. An interesting approach is metal-based nanoparticles that naturally reduce inflammation. They are made not only to be small enough to pass through biological barriers but also to allow label-free monitoring of their interactions with cells. The following literature review discusses the mechanistic analysis of the anti-inflammatory properties of several metal-based nanoparticles, including gold, silver, titanium dioxide, selenium, and zinc oxide. Current research focuses on the mechanisms by which nanoparticles infiltrate cells and the anti-inflammatory techniques using herbal extracts-based nanoparticles. Additionally, it provides a brief overview of the literature on many environmentally friendly sources employed in nanoparticle production and the mechanisms of action of various nanoparticles.

Keywords: Nanoparticles, metal nanoparticles, plant extract, inflammation, pathways, inflammatory.

Graphical Abstract
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