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Current Cardiology Reviews


ISSN (Print): 1573-403X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6557

Review Article

Endless Journey of Adenosine Signaling in Cardioprotective Mechanism of Conditioning Techniques: Clinical Evidence

Author(s): Kuldeep Kumar, Nirmal Singh*, Harlokesh Narayan Yadav, Leonid Maslov and Amteshwar Singh Jaggi

Volume 19, Issue 6, 2023

Published on: 18 August, 2023

Article ID: e120623217880 Pages: 16

DOI: 10.2174/1573403X19666230612112259

Price: $65


Myocardial ischemic injury is a primary cause of death among various cardiovascular disorders. The condition occurs due to an interrupted supply of blood and vital nutrients (necessary for normal cellular activities and viability) to the myocardium, eventually leading to damage. Restoration of blood supply to ischemic tissue is noted to cause even more lethal reperfusion injury. Various strategies, including some conditioning techniques, like preconditioning and postconditioning, have been developed to check the detrimental effects of reperfusion injury. Many endogenous substances have been proposed to act as initiators, mediators, and end effectors of these conditioning techniques. Substances, like adenosine, bradykinin, acetylcholine, angiotensin, norepinephrine, opioids, etc., have been reported to mediate cardioprotective activity. Among these agents, adenosine has been widely studied and suggested to have the most pronounced cardioprotective effects. The current review article highlights the role of adenosine signaling in the cardioprotective mechanism of conditioning techniques. The article also provides an insight into various clinical studies that substantiate the applicability of adenosine as a cardioprotective agent in myocardial reperfusion injury.

Keywords: Adenosine, cardiovascular disorders, ischemia-reperfusion injury, myocardial ischemia, preconditioning, postconditioning.

Graphical Abstract
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