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Protein & Peptide Letters


ISSN (Print): 0929-8665
ISSN (Online): 1875-5305

Mini-Review Article

A Review of the Physiological Role of Hypocretin in the Ventral Tegmental Area in Reward and Drug Dependence

Author(s): Masoumeh Kourosh-Arami*, Alireza Komaki and Masoumeh Gholami

Volume 30, Issue 8, 2023

Published on: 19 July, 2023

Page: [619 - 625] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/0929866530666230705145446

Price: $65


Orexin (OX, hypocretin: HCRT) as a neuropeptide is produced in a distinct population of neurons in the posterior lateral hypothalamus (LH). OX neurons implicate in reward function. OX makes a main input from the hypothalamus to the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of the midbrain. OX, through OX receptors (OXR1, OXR2) activates VTA dopamine (DA) neurons. VTA neurons are involved in reward processing and motivation. In this review, we will discuss the OX effect on addiction through VTA activation and related areas of the brain.

Keywords: Orexin, SB-334867, addiction, VTA, orexin receptor 1, orexin receptor 2.

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