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Current Signal Transduction Therapy


ISSN (Print): 1574-3624
ISSN (Online): 2212-389X

Research Article

Interpretation and Classification of Phonocardiogram Using Principal Component Analysis

Author(s): Nikita Jatia, Sachin Kumar and Karan Veer*

Volume 18, Issue 2, 2023

Published on: 09 August, 2023

Article ID: e030823219411 Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1574362418666230803145322

Price: $65


Background: Large datasets are logically common yet frequently difficult to interpret. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is a technique to reduce the dimensionality of a dataset.

Objective: The main objective of this work is to use principal component analysis to interpret and classify phonocardiogram signals.

Methods: Finding new factors aids in the reduction of important components of an eigenvalue/ eigenvector problem, thus enabling the new factors to be represented by the current dataset and making PCA a flexible data analysis tool. PCA is adaptable to a variety of systems created to update different data types and technology advancements.

Results: Signals acquired from a patient, i.e., bio-signals, are used to investigate the patient's strength. One such bio-signal of central significance is the phonocardiogram (PCG), which addresses the working of the heart. Any change in the PCG signal is a characteristic proportion of heart failure, an arrhythmia condition.

Conclusion: Long-term observation is difficult due to the many complexities, such as the lack of human competence and the high chance of misdiagnosis.

Keywords: Principal Component Analysis (PCA), phonocardiogram (PCG), data examination technique, dimensionality reduction, phonocardiogram signals, misdiagnosis.

Graphical Abstract
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