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Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1574-888X
ISSN (Online): 2212-3946

Research Article

Enhancing the Regenerative Potential of Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells through TLR4-Mediated Signaling

Author(s): Demet Kaçaroğlu and Seher Yaylacı*

Volume 19, Issue 11, 2024

Published on: 09 January, 2024

Page: [1514 - 1524] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/011574888X283664231219080535

Price: $65

Abstract

Introduction: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is a receptor that traditionally plays an important role in immunomodulation (regulation of the immune system) and the initiation of proinflammatory responses. TLR4 is used in the body to recognize molecular patterns of pathogens or damaged cells from outside. However, in recent years, it has also become clear that TLR4 can affect the immune system and the function of stem cells, especially mesenchymal stem cells. Therefore, understanding how TLR4 signaling works at the cellular and molecular level and using this knowledge in regenerative medicine could be potentially useful, especially in the treatment of adipose- derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs). How these cells can use TLR4 signaling when used to increase their regenerative potential and repair tissues is an area of research.

Aims: This study aims to elucidate the multifaceted role of TLR4-mediated signaling in ADMSCs.

Method: Employing a comprehensive set of assays, including MTT for cell viability, flow cytometry for surface marker expression, and gene expression analysis, we demonstrate that TLR4 activation significantly modulates key aspects of ADMSC biology. Specifically, TLR4 signaling was found to regulate ADMSCs proliferation, surface marker expression, and regenerative capacity in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore, TLR4 activation conferred cytoprotective effects against Doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cellular apoptosis.

Result: These findings suggest that TLR4 signaling could be used to enhance the regenerative abilities of ADMSCs and enable ADMSC-based therapies to be used more effectively for tissue engineering and therapeutic purposes.

Conclusion: However, it is important to note that research in this area needs more details and clinical studies.

Keywords: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), mesenchymal stem cell, tissue regeneration, LPS, stemness, endocrine diseases.


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