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Current Neuropharmacology


ISSN (Print): 1570-159X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6190

Research Article

Effects of Prenatal Methcathinone Exposure on the Neurological Behavior of Adult Offspring

Author(s): Zhang Youyou*, Li Zhaoyang, Li Chen, Zhao Shuquan and Wang Hui

Volume 22, Issue 13, 2024

Published on: 07 February, 2024

Page: [2256 - 2262] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1570159X22666240128004722

Price: $65


Background: Our previous research has shown that prenatal methcathinone exposure affects the neurodevelopment and neurobehavior of adolescent offspring, but the study on whether these findings continue into adulthood is limited.

Objective: This study aims to explore the effects of prenatal methcathinone exposure on anxiety-like behavior, learning and memory abilities, as well as serum 5-hydroxytryptamine and dopamine concentrations in adult offspring.

Methods: Pregnant rats were injected daily with methcathinone between the 7th and 20th days of gestation. The neurobehavioral performance of both male and female adult offspring rats was evaluated by neurobehavioral tests, including open-field tests, Morris water maze (MWM) tests, and novel object recognition (NOR) tests. The levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine and dopamine concentration in rat serum were detected by ELISA.

Results: Significant differences were found in the length of center distance and time of center duration in the open-field test, as well as the times of crossing the platform in the MWM test, between the prenatal methcathinone exposure group and the control group. Results of the NOR test showed that adult offspring rats exposed to methcathinone need more time to discriminate the novel object. No gender differences were detected in the neurobehavioral tests. The serum concentrations of 5-hydroxytryptamine and dopamine in rats exposed to methcathinone prenatally were lower than that in the control group, and the serum dopamine concentration was independent of gender in each group.

Conclusion: Prenatal methcathinone exposure affects the neurological behavior in adult offspring, and 5-hydroxytryptamine and dopamine might be involved in the process.

Keywords: Methcathinone, prenatal exposure, adult offspring, neurological behavior, anxiety-like behavior, learning and memory ability, 5-hydroxytryptamine, dopamine.

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