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Current Neurovascular Research


ISSN (Print): 1567-2026
ISSN (Online): 1875-5739

Research Article

Whole Transcriptome Sequencing of Peripheral Blood Identifies the Alzheimer's Disease-Related circRNA-miRNA-lncRNA Pathway

Author(s): Yucheng Gu, Nihong Chen, Lin Zhu, Xiangliang Chen, Teng Jiang and Yingdong Zhang*

Volume 21, Issue 2, 2024

Published on: 13 March, 2024

Page: [184 - 197] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/0115672026305417240209062508

Price: $65


Background: Previous studies on transcriptional profiles suggested dysregulation of multiple RNA species in Alzheimer’s disease. However, despite recent investigations revealing various aspects of circular RNA (circRNA)-associated competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) pathogenesis, few genome-wide studies have explored circRNA-associated profiles in AD patients exhibiting varying degrees of cognitive loss.

Objective: To investigate the potential pathogenesis-related molecular biological changes in the various stages of AD progression.

Methods: Whole transcriptome sequencing was performed on the peripheral blood of 7 normal cognition (NC) subjects, 8 patients with mild cognitive impairment, 8 AD patients with mild dementia (miD), and 7 AD patients with moderate dementia (moD). Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were conducted to predict the potential functions of the maternal genes of microRNAs (miRNAs), circRNAs and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). The construction of ceRNA network was performed between the NC group and each diseased group based on the differently expressed RNAs.

Results: In total, 3568 messenger RNAs (mRNAs), 142 miRNAs, 990 lncRNAs, and 183 circRNAs were identified as significantly differentially expressed across the four groups. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis revealed the significant roles of GTPase activity and the MAPK signaling pathway in AD pathogenesis. A circRNA-miRNA-lncRNA ceRNA pathway, characterized by the downregulated hsa-miR-7-5p and upregulated hsa_circ_0001170, was identified based on the differentially expressed RNAs between the NC group and the moD group.

Conclusion: The study suggests that circRNAs may be independent of mRNAs in AD pathogenesis and holds promise as potential biomarkers for AD clinical manifestations and pathological changes.

Keywords: Alzheimer’s dementia, Alzheimer’s disease continuum, clinical dementia rating, mild cognitive impairment, whole transcriptome sequencing, circRNA-miRNA-lncRNA.

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