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Current Neuropharmacology


ISSN (Print): 1570-159X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6190

Roles of a Novel Molecule ‘Shati’ in the Development of Methamphetamine-Induced Dependence

Author(s): Minae Niwa and Toshitaka Nabeshima

Volume 9, Issue 1, 2011

Page: [104 - 108] Pages: 5

DOI: 10.2174/157015911795017362

Price: $65


The ability of drugs of abuse to cause dependence can be viewed as a form of neural plasticity. Recently, we have demonstrated that tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) increases dopamine uptake and inhibits methamphetamineinduced dependence. Moreover, we have identified a novel molecule ‘shati’ in the nucleus accumbens of mice treated with methamphetamine using the PCR-select cDNA subtraction method and clarified that it is involved in the development of methamphetamine dependence: Treatment with the shati antisense oligonucleotide (shati-AS), which inhibits the expression of shati mRNA, enhanced the methamphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion, sensitization, and conditioned place preference. Further, blockage of shati mRNA by shati-AS potentiated the methamphetamine-induced increase of dopamine overflow and the methamphetamine-induced decrease in dopamine uptake in the nucleus accumbens. Interestingly, treatment with shati-AS also inhibited expression of TNF-α. Transfection of the vector containing shati cDNA into PC12 cells, dramatically induced the expression of shati and TNF-α mRNA, accelerated dopamine uptake, and inhibited the methamphetamine-induced decrease in dopamine uptake. These effects were blocked by neutralizing TNF-α. These results suggest that the functional roles of shati in methamphetamine-induced behavioral changes are mediated through the induction of TNF-α expression which inhibits the methamphetamine-induced increase of dopamine overflow and decrease in dopamine uptake.

Keywords: Shati, methamphetamine, dependence, tumor necrosis factor-α, dopamine, uptake, nucleus accumbens, antiaddictive, NF-kB, Neural Plasticity, cDNA micrroarray, Hyperlocomotion, Sensitization

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