Both H2O2 and NO can act as apoptogens, triggering apoptosis in many cells. They are also well known inhibitors of caspases, essential enzymes in apoptosis. The differences between these two agents as apoptosis inducers and how caspases mediate apoptosis with these inhibitory agents is still unclear. Consistent with the previous reports, these two agents induced apoptosis accompanied by caspase activation with limitation of all apoptotic events for NO. It was found that NO-modified caspase-3 showed a slower recovery of its activity in the presence of the reducing agents compared to that of H2O2 modification. This is one possible cause of the limited apoptosis in the case of NO.