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Current Vascular Pharmacology


ISSN (Print): 1570-1611
ISSN (Online): 1875-6212

The Etiology of Hypertension in the Metabolic Syndrome Part Two: The Gene-Environment Interaction

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006

Page: [305 - 320] Pages: 16

DOI: 10.2174/157016106778521661

Price: $65


The pathogenesis of obesity, insulin resistance and hypertension begins with an interaction between genetic factors and environmental factors. The search for the underlying genetic basis of these conditions has yielded disappointing results. It is possible that the importance of environmental influences has been underestimated. In Part Two of our series of reviews, we discuss the key genetic, environmental and evolutionary influences which lead to the development of these conditions, and provide a detailed account of the mechanisms by which these influences produce their effects.

Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, hypertension, obesity, insulin resistance, epidemiology, gene-environment interaction, reninangiotensin system, candidate gene approach, genome wide scanning, intermediate phenotype

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