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Immunology, Endocrine & Metabolic Agents in Medicinal Chemistry (Discontinued)


ISSN (Print): 1871-5222
ISSN (Online): 1875-6115

Adenosine and Inflammation

Author(s): Bruce N. Cronstein

Volume 7, Issue 4, 2007

Page: [280 - 285] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/187152207781369841

Price: $65


Adenosine is a potent physiologic mediator that is released by cells following such stresses as hypoxia and exposure to reactive oxygen species (ROS). By binding to one or more of four known receptors, A1, A2A, A2B and A3 (all members of the family of G protein coupled receptors), adenosine suppresses inflammation and immunologic reactions. Here we review the expression and functional effects of these receptors on inflammatory cells and discuss the potential use of adenosine receptor agonists or agents that increase local adenosine concentrations in the treatment of inflammatory diseases or promotion of wound healing.

Keywords: Adenosine, adenosine receptors, P1 purinoceptors, methotrexate, wound healing, inflammation

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