Generic placeholder image

Current HIV Research

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1570-162X
ISSN (Online): 1873-4251

HIV Infection Induces Morphometrical Changes on the Oral (Buccal Mucosa and Tongue) Epithelial Cells

Author(s): Adriane Bastos Pompermayer, Francisca Berenice Dias Gil, Beatriz Helena Sottile Franca, Maria Angela Naval Machado, Paula Cristina Trevilatto, Angela Fernandes and Antonio Adilson Soares de Lima

Volume 9, Issue 1, 2011

Page: [11 - 16] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/157016211794582678

Price: $65

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess morphological and morphometrical alterations of oral squamous epithelial cells in type 1 HIV infected individuals. Oral smears were collected from tongue and buccal mucosa of 30 HIV infected (experimental) and 30 non-infected (control) individuals by liquid-based exfoliative cytology. The cells were morphologically analyzed and the nuclear area (NA), the cytoplasmic area (CA) and the nucleus-to-cytoplasm area ratio (NA/CA) were calculated. No morphological differences were found between the groups. The mean values of CA were decreased in tongue (P.00006) and buccal mucosa (P=.00242) in HIV infected individual, while mean values of NA were increased (P=.00308 and .00095, respectively) in the same group. NA/CA ratio for experimental group was increased in both collected places, with P=.00001 (tongue) and P=.00000 (buccal mucosa). This study revealed that HIV infection was able to induce morphometrical changes on the oral epithelial cells.

Keywords: Exfoliative cytology, HIV, oral mucosa, oral squamous epithelium, immunodeficiency virus, retrovirus, syndrome, immunosuppression, pathogenic, candidosis, Kaposi's sarcoma, oral sex, breast-feeding, keratinocytes, cytomorphologic, blood glucose levels, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, tobacco, mucosa, enzyme, marital, oral liquid-based, cytology, debris, bacteria, squamous epithelial cells, microscopy, binocular, parabasal cells, Fisher's exact test, homogeneity, inflammatory, biopsy, anemia, oral ulceration xerostomia dysgeusis, multiform erythema, lichenoid reaction, hybridiation, immunohistochemisty, dose-dependent, neoplastic, keratinization process, oral epithelium


Rights & Permissions Print Export Cite as
© 2024 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy