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Protein & Peptide Letters


ISSN (Print): 0929-8665
ISSN (Online): 1875-5305

Identification of Novel Potent Inhibitors Against Bcl-xL Anti-apoptotic Protein Using Docking Studies

Author(s): Gupta Shipra, Misra Gauri, Pant Mohan Chandra and Seth Prahlad Kishore

Volume 19, Issue 12, 2012

Page: [1302 - 1317] Pages: 16

DOI: 10.2174/092986612803521602

Price: $65


Bcl-xL protein belongs to BCL-2 family which has either pro- or anti-apoptotic activities owing to their importance in the regulation of apoptosis, tumor genesis and cellular responses to anti-cancer therapy. Bcl-xL permeabilize the outer mitochondrial membrane of cells and inhibit these processes. Protein–inhibitor interactions play an important role in regulating the expression of Bcl-xL protein. Here, we report the docking studies that resulted in the identification of new inhibitors distinct from the previously reported inhibitor against this protein. The results have been validated using Sybyl surflux docking. New potent inhibitors from docking analysis are pentacyclic triterpenoid derivative (2S,4aR,6aR, 6bS,8aS,10R,12R,12aS,12bR,14bR,E)-10,12-dihydroxy-2,4a,14b-trimethyl-9-((((R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyl-2H-pyran- 2-yl)oxy)methylene)-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,6a,6b,8a,9,10,11,12,12a,12b,13,14b-octadecahydropicene-2-car-boxylic acid and 4- alkyl-4-methoxypiperidine derivative 8h (where R= 4-Cl-Ph) that promotes the release of pro-apoptotic proteins from the mitochondria which is a key event in cell death signaling. The compounds form stable complex with protein exhibiting highest binding affinity and Gibbs free energy. Pentacyclic triterpenoid derivatives compound-201 and piperidine derivative compound-39 are potent inhibitors with Ki value of 172.62nM and 175.24 nM high affinity and inhibitory potency. Salt bridge, pi-pi and hydrogen bonding interactions predominantly contribute towards the stability of the complexes. These compounds can further be exploited for their potential to enhance apoptosis. We have established the correlation between the experimental Ki value with our computational inhibition constant. The quantitative predictions in this study provide a scope for further experimental testing giving structural insights into the design and development of novel anticancer drugs.

Keywords: Bcl-xL protein, chemical fingerprint, apoptosis, molecular docking, molecular interactions, tumor genesis, anti-cancer therapy, mitochondrial membrane, Protein–inhibitor, Gibbs free energy.

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