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Current HIV Research


ISSN (Print): 1570-162X
ISSN (Online): 1873-4251

Evaluation of Treatment Tolerability, Satisfaction and Laboratory Parameters in HIV+ Patients Switching from Ritonavir Capsule to Tablet Formulation§

Author(s): Andy Mtambo, Marianne Harris, Junine Toy, Silvia Guillemi, Wendy Zhang, Viviane. D. Lima, Robert Hogg, Julio S.G. Montaner and Mark Hull

Volume 11, Issue 3, 2013

Page: [231 - 237] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1570162X11311030008

Price: $65


Background: This study evaluated treatment satisfaction, gastrointestinal tolerability, depressive symptoms and alterations in laboratory parameters before and after switching from ritonavir capsule to tablet formulation.

Methods: HIV+ adults switching from ritonavir capsules to tablets were eligible for the study. The HIV Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (HIVTSQ), Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) and CES-D Depression inventory were self-administered before, and 3-4 months after switching. Results of laboratory tests within three months of each questionnaire were collected. A subset underwent plasma drug level sampling. Wilcoxon signed rank sum test was used for comparison of continuous variables and McNemar’s test for dichotomised data.

Results: Most of the 71 participants were Caucasian men, median age 51 years. Participants were taking ritonavir in combination with either atazanavir (n=48 [67.6%]), darunavir (n=18 [25.4%]), fosamprenavir (n=3 [4.2%]) or saquinavir (n=2 [2.8%]). In general after the switch to tablets, participants reported improved treatment satisfaction (median [interquartile range] HIVTSQ score 53/60 [48, 58] after vs 49/60 [45, 54] before, p <0.001), fewer gastrointestinal symptoms (GSRS score 4/45 [1, 9] vs 5/45 [3,13], p < 0.001) and had higher HDL cholesterol (1.22 mmol/L [1.07, 1.45] vs 1.09 mmol/L [0.90,1.32], p = 0.003) and lower total cholesterol/HDL ratio (3.82 [3.05, 4.40] vs 4.23 [3.45, 4.84], p<0.001). There were no significant changes in plasma viral load, CD4 counts, depression scores, or atazanavir or ritonavir trough levels.

Conclusion: Results of this study suggest that the newer tablet formulation of ritonavir is better tolerated and has fewer gastrointestinal side effects than the older capsule formulation.

Keywords: Ritonavir tablet, ritonavir capsule, HIV Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (HIVTSQ), Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS), Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), boosted protease inhibitors.

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