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Current Alzheimer Research


ISSN (Print): 1567-2050
ISSN (Online): 1875-5828

Quality of Education and Memory Test Performance in Older Men: The New York University Paragraph Recall Test Normative Data

Author(s): Melissa Mathews, Erin Abner, Allison Caban-Holt, Brandon C. Dennis, Richard Kryscio and Frederick Schmitt

Volume 10, Issue 7, 2013

Page: [776 - 783] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/15672050113109990140

Price: $65


Objectives: Memory evaluation is a key component in the accurate diagnosis of cognitive disorders.One memory procedure that has shown promise in discriminating disease-related cognitive decline from normal cognitive aging is the New York University Paragraph Recall Test; however, the effects of education have been unexamined as they pertain to one’s literacy level. The current study provides normative data stratified by estimated quality of education as indexed by irregular word reading skill. Method: Conventional norms were derived from a sample (N = 385) of cognitively intact elderly men who were initially recruited for participation in the PREADViSE clinical trial. A series of multiple linear regression models were constructed to assess the influence of demographic variables on mean NYU Paragraph Immediate and Delayed Recall scores. Results: Test version, assessment site, and estimated quality of education were significant predictors of performance on the NYU Paragraph Recall Test. Findings indicate that estimated quality of education is a better predictor of memory performance than ethnicity and years of total education. Normative data stratified according to estimated quality of education are presented. Discussion: The current study provides evidence and support for normativedata stratified by quality of education as opposed to years of education.

Keywords: Aging, literacy, memory, New York University (NYU) paragraph recall, normative data, norms, paragraph recall.

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