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Current HIV Research


ISSN (Print): 1570-162X
ISSN (Online): 1873-4251

Epidemiological Profile of Naive HIV-1/AIDS Patients in Istanbul: The Largest Case Series from Turkey

Author(s): Mucahit Yemisen, Ozlem Altuntas Aydın, Alper Gunduz, Nail Ozgunes, Bilgul Mete, Bahadir Ceylan, Hayat Kumbasar Karaosmanoglu, Dilek Yildiz, Fatma Sargin, Resat Ozaras and Fehmi Tabak

Volume 12, Issue 1, 2014

Page: [60 - 64] Pages: 5

DOI: 10.2174/1570162X12666140411111803

Price: $65


The aim of the study was to report the epidemiological profile of HIV-1 positive patients from, Istanbul, Turkey, which has one of the lowest HIV-1/AIDS prevalences in Europe. The patients were followed by ACTHIV-IST group which was established by the Infectious Diseases Departments of five teaching hospitals (three university hospitals and two public hospitals) in Istanbul, Turkey. The HIV-1positive patients were added to the standard patient files in all of the centers; these files were then transferred to the ACTHIV-IST database in the Internet. A total of 829 naiv-untreated HIV-1 positive patients were chosen from the database. The number of male patients was 700 (84.4%) and the mean age of the patients was 37 years (range, 17-79). In our study group 348 (42%) of the patients were married and 318 (38.7%) of the patients were single. The probable route of transmission was heterosexual intercourse in 437 (52.7%) patients and homosexual intercourse in 256 (30.9%) patients. In 519 (62.6%) patients the diagnose was made due to a screening test and in 241 (29.1%) patients, the diagnose was made due to an HIV-related/non-related disease. The mean CD4+ T cell number in 788 of the patients was 357.8/mm3 (±271.1), and the median viral load in 698 of the patients was 100,000 copies/mL (20-9,790,000). In Turkey, the number of HIV-1 positive patients is still low and to diagnose with a screening test is the most common way of diagnostic route.

Keywords: Epidemiology, HIV/AIDS, screening test, Turkey.

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