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Current Tissue Engineering (Discontinued)


ISSN (Print): 2211-5420
ISSN (Online): 2211-5439

Recent Scientific Advances Towards the Development of Tendon Healing Strategies

Author(s): Eli T. Sayegh, John D. Sandy, Mandeep S. Virk, Anthony A. Romeo, Robert W. Wysocki, Jorge O. Galante, Katie J. Trella, Anna Plaas and Vincent M. Wang

Volume 4, Issue 2, 2015

Page: [128 - 143] Pages: 16

DOI: 10.2174/2211542004666150713190231

Price: $65


Background: There exists a range of surgical and non-surgical approaches to the treatment of both acute and chronic tendon injuries. Despite surgical advances in the management of acute tears and increasing treatment options for tendinopathies, strategies frequently are unsuccessful, due to impaired mechanical properties of the treated tendon and/or a deficiency in progenitor cell activities.

Methods: Here, we review the emerging concepts and scientific evidence which provide a rationale for tissue engineering and regeneration strategies as well as discuss the clinical translation of recent innovations.

Results: Biologic therapies for treatment of tendon injuries include the utilization of scaffolds as well as gene, growth factor, and cell delivery. These treatment modalities aim to provide mechanical durability or augment the biologic healing potential of the repaired tissue.

Conclusion: There is an urgent need for effective therapeutic strategies to augment intrinsic and/or surgical repair. Such approaches can benefit both tendinopathies and tendon tears which, due to their severity, appear to be irreversible or irreparable.

Keywords: Biomechanics, extracellular matrix, healing, tendinopathy, therapeutics.

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