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Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials


ISSN (Print): 1574-8871
ISSN (Online): 1876-1038

Research Article

Dilemma of Timing of Administration of Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Agents in Relation to Food in the Prevention of Drug Induced Gastritis: Debusting the Myth

Author(s): Padmaja Udaykumar, K. Udaykumar, K. Scandashree and K. Anurag

Volume 11, Issue 4, 2016

Page: [346 - 351] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1574887111666160801112318

Price: $65


Background & Objective: We aimed to identify the signals that indicate the possible benefits of administering Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) at the initiation of meal, compared to immediately after food.

Methods: This was a randomized, controlled, pilot study in 160 patients who received only NSAIDs for various pain conditions. Patients were randomized to Group I (control group) –NSAID After Food (AF), Group II–NSAID Before Food (BF), Group III–NSAID BF for 2 days and then crossed over to AF for next two days (CO-1) and Group IV–NSAID AF for 2 days and then crossed over to BF for next two days (C0-2 group). Group III & Group IV were given a washout period of 48 hours after the initial two days of treatment. All were followed up for the next 2 drug free days. Patients were observed for the development of gastritis (epigastric distress, epigastric pain, nausea, fullness of stomach, repeated reflux) throughout the study.

Results: Symptoms of gastritis were seen in 6.45% (2/31) and 36.11% (13/36) patients in group I and II, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in the development of gastritis in AF group. However, statistically significant difference (P<0.05) was found between BF group and AF intake of NSAIDs [CO-1 (AF), CO-2 (A.F), AF (control group)] in terms of development of gastritis.

Interpretation & Conclusion: Administering NSAIDs at the initiation of meal is better tolerated as indicated by the lower incidence of gastritis. If proved in larger population, routine concurrent administration of medication for prevention of gastritis can be avoided.

Keywords: After food, before-food, gastritis, NSAIDs.

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