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Current Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Review Article

Biodegradable Black Phosphorus-based Nanomaterials in Biomedicine: Theranostic Applications

Author(s): Zhen Wang, Zhiming Liu, Chengkang Su, Biwen Yang, Xixi Fei, Yi Li, Yuqing Hou, Henan Zhao, Yanxian Guo, Zhengfei Zhuang*, Huiqing Zhong and Zhouyi Guo*

Volume 26, Issue 10, 2019

Page: [1788 - 1805] Pages: 18

DOI: 10.2174/0929867324666170920152529

Price: $65


Ascribe to the unique two-dimensional planar nanostructure with exceptional physical and chemical properties, black phosphorous (BP) as the emerging inorganic twodimensional nanomaterial with high biocompatibility and degradability has been becoming one of the most promising materials of great potentials in biomedicine. The exfoliated BP sheets possess ultra-high surface area available for valid bio-conjugation and molecular loading for chemotherapy. Utilizing the intrinsic near-infrared optical absorbance, BPbased photothermal therapy in vivo, photodynamic therapy and biomedical imaging has been realized, achieving unprecedented anti-tumor therapeutic efficacy in animal experiments. Additionally, the BP nanosheets can strongly react with oxygen and water, and finally degrade to non-toxic phosphate and phosphonate in the aqueous solution. This manuscript aimed to summarize the preliminary progresses on theranostic application of BP and its derivatives black phosphorus quantum dots (BPQDs), and discussed the prospects and the state-of-art unsolved critical issues of using BP-based material for theranostic applications.

Keywords: Black phosphorous, biomedicine, cancer therapy, black phosphorus quantum dots, theranostic applications, photothermal therapy, photodynamic therapy.

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