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Current Drug Metabolism


ISSN (Print): 1389-2002
ISSN (Online): 1875-5453

Mechanism of Idiosyncratic Drug Reactions: Reactive Metabolites Formation, Protein Binding and the Regulation of the Immune System

Author(s): C. Ju and J. P. Uetrecht

Volume 3, Issue 4, 2002

Page: [367 - 377] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/1389200023337333

Price: $65


Drug-induced adverse reactions, especially type B reactions, represent a major clinical problem. They also impart a significant degree of uncertainty into drug development because they are often not detected until the drug has been released onto the market. Type B reactions are also termed idiosyncratic drug reactions by many investigators due to their unpredictable nature and our lack of understanding of the mechanisms involved. It is currently believed that the majority of these reactions are immune-mediated and are caused by immunogenic conjugates formed from the reaction of a reactive metabolite of a drug with cellular proteins. It has been shown that most drugs associated with idiosyncratic reactions form reactive metabolites to some degree. Covalent binding of reactive metabolites to cellular proteins has also been shown in many cases. However, studies to reveal the role of reactive metabolites and their protein-adducts in the mechanism of drug-induced idiosyncratic reactions are lacking. This review will focus on our current understanding and speculative views on how a reactive metabolite of a drug might ultimately lead to immune-mediated toxicity

Keywords: type b reaction, idiosyncratic

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