Textbook of Iatrogenic Pathology

Iatrogenic Pathology of the Peritoneum and Retroperitoneum

Author(s): Ioan Jung, Vlad Butiurca and Simona Gurzu

Pp: 128-135 (8)

DOI: 10.2174/9781681085142117010011

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


This chapter presents a synthesis of data regarding the iatrogenic injuries of the peritoneum and retroperitoneum. Similar to the previous chapters, medical druginduced lesions and the consequences of diagnostic and/or therapeutic interventions are presented in detail. Iatrogenic retroperitoneal fibrosis can emerge following radiotherapy or as a consequence of long-term use of drugs such as beta blockers or antiepileptic substances. Pneumoperitoneum is usually a postoperative transient lesion, but it can also be a severe consequence of barotrauma or mechanical ventilation. The causes and consequences of iatrogenic peritonitis and ascites are also analyzed.

Keywords: Adverse drug reaction, Ascites, Barotrauma, Beta blockers, Hematoma, Hemoperitoneum, Hydralazine, Iatrogenic, Peritoneum, Peritonitis, Pneumoperitoneum, Retroperitoneal emphysema, Retroperitoneal fibrosis, Retroperitoneum.

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