Every beginner in any subject needs a good foundation, which will help the student to understand the subject. This good foundation will be provided in a thorough and detailed definition of the subject and a detailed description of the fundamental models on which the subject is based. Artificial Intelligence needs a thorough definition and a detailed description of the fundamental models on which Artificial Intelligence is based. Furthermore, the history and applications of Artificial Intelligence will help the beginner to know where it is coming from, the journey so far, and the future development of Artificial Intelligence. On the other hand, the applications of Artificial Intelligence will help us to appreciate the use of Artificial Intelligence in our daily life. This chapter presents a detailed definition of Artificial Intelligence, its history, and emerging applications.
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