Advancements in Cardiovascular Research and Therapeutics: Molecular and Nutraceutical Perspectives

Diet, Inflammation and Cardiovascular Disorders

Author(s): M Kesavan* and HV Manjunathachar * .

Pp: 38-51 (14)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815050837122010006

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)

Abstract

Diet has been implicated in cardiovascular inflammation and the development of cardiovascular disorders. Several studies have correlated the dietary pattern with cardiovascular disease incidences. Especially high carbohydrate diet consists of refined starches, sugar, and saturated and trans-fatty acids shown to cause vascular inflammation and its related CVDs. To modify or prevent CVD complications, studies have highlighted and recommended a dietary pattern rich in protein and fibers with low carbohydrates. However, the long term effects of these low carbohydrate diets have not been analysed. Further, the diet consumed in Asian countries is rich in spices and they are loaded with antioxidants. Hence, this has to be reviewed thoroughly to conclude on the role of antioxidants in preventing CVDs. Therefore, in this chapter diet-induced inflammation, the role of low carbohydrate and high fat/protein diets in preventing vascular inflammation and their long term effects on health and the usefulness of antioxidants in preventing cardiovascular diseases will be reviewed elaborately.


Keywords: Antioxidants, Atherosclerosis, Dietary interventions, High Carbohydrate diet, Metabolic syndrome, Vascular inflammation.

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