Cancer Genes

Chromosome 8

Author(s): Muthu Vijai Bharat Vairamani, Harini Hariharan and Satish Ramalingam * .

Pp: 243-286 (44)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815080292123010011

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Chromosome 8 spans more than 146 million DNA base pairs, and represents between 4.5 and 5 percent of the total DNA in cells. Sixteen percent of these genes and their mutations have been identified to play a role in cancer development. Cancer is a genetic disease at the somatic cell level. Multiple gene mutations usually precede them throughout one’s life. Oncogenes such as Myc, Lyn, Atad2, etc., from chromosome 8 promoted cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. The increased expression of these proteins can transform a normal cell into a cancer cell. Chromosome 8 also houses multiple tumor suppressor genes, such as Dlc1, E2f5, Gata4, Ido1, etc. These proteins, when expressed, reduce the chances of tumor initiation within cells. Thus, mutations leading to the reduced expression of these genes are associated with multiple cancers. Mutation of other functional genes like Ank1, Ctsb, Ext1, Il7, etc., has also been implicated in various cancers for their role in increasing the invasive nature of cancers by regulating angiogenesis and facilitating cancer metastasis. Cancers can also stem from the translocational mutations of genes in chromosome 8. This chapter explains essential cancer genes, genetic mutations, and gene variations that can cause an increased risk of cancer and its progression.

Keywords: A Cancer stem cell, Chromosome 6, Deletion, Gene Mutations, Oncogenes, Tumor suppressor genes.

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