In Memory of Ethics: A Dissection of Ethical and Social Issues in Pakistani Professional Healthcare Practice

Defining the Moral Status of an Embryo? Or Defying the Moral Status of a Woman?

Author(s): Bakhtawar Sehar* and Syeda Zahra Shahid

Pp: 155-165 (11)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815223859124010019

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Embryonic Stem Cells (ESC) are pluripotent cells that give rise to all cell types and are used for cell replacement and regenerative therapies. However, ethical, social, and legal controversies have questioned the morality of the procedures to obtain ESC lines, and the moral status of an embryo is oscillating in the debate about the origin of life, whether it originates at the totipotent stage or at the point of syngamy. Ironically, the moral status of women is also being defied by inadequate informed consent for medical procedures and their life-threatening consequences. In response to the ESC controversy, an alternate approach of using low-grade embryos for obtaining ESC lines has been proposed. This study aims to define the moral status of an embryo, question the defined status of a woman, and find new ethical-based medical procedures to obtain ESC lines.

Keywords: Causative factors, Consequences, Embryonic stem cell research, Ethical concerns, Embryonic stem cells, Healthcare sector, Moral status, Organizational work, Prevalence, Pluripotent, Statistics, Somatic stem cells, Somatic nuclear transfer, Women exploitation-egg commercialization.

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