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Current Women`s Health Reviews


ISSN (Print): 1573-4048
ISSN (Online): 1875-6581

Research Article

Characteristics of Pregnant Women Satisfying the Universal Two-Child Policy Requirements in China: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Author(s): Li Tang, Chun-Rong Li*, Tong-Yong Luo, Yong-Hong Lin, Wei Song, Zhiqiang Wang, Qingfu Lan and Shiji Qin

Volume 20, Issue 1, 2024

Published on: 02 March, 2023

Article ID: e270123213195 Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1573404819666230127102711

Price: $65


Background: China officially launched the universal two-child policy in January 2016. No studies in China have examined the characteristics of pregnant women since the implementation of the new family planning policy.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in Chengdu, China, to examine pregnant women's sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics satisfying the new policy requirements. Two thousand pregnant women were enrolled in the case group, 2016-2017. The comparison group included 2,000 pregnant women from the same institutions. Maternal and clinical information was extracted from medical records.

Results: Compared to comparisons, the case group tended to have a higher household income and work in a non-state-owned enterprise/institution. Additionally, cases were more likely to be older (OR=1.36; 95% CI 1.09-1.70), have a history of cesarean section (OR=31.68; 95% CI 24.76-40.54), and suffer from gestational hypertension (OR=3.35; 95% CI 1.56-7.19), gestational diabetes mellitus (OR=1.61; 95% CI 1.24-2.10) and placenta previa (OR=4.45; 95% CI 2.70-7.34) than comparisons.

Conclusion: We suggest emphasizing the importance of reproductive counseling and assessment, particularly targeting those satisfying the universal two-child policy requirements.

Keywords: Two-child policy, pregnant women, obstetrics, China, associated factors, clinical information.

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