Advancements in Cardiovascular Research and Therapeutics: Molecular and Nutraceutical Perspectives

Role of Vyana Vayu in CardioVascular System, Etiopathogenesis and Therapeutic Strategies: An Ayurveda Perspective

Author(s): Savitri Vasudev Baikampady*, C. S. Hiremath, Reeta Varyani and Venketesh

Pp: 104-124 (21)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815050837122010009

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


A systems approach to health is the hallmark of Ayurveda. It believes in preventing disease and maintaining and restoring health. The entire concept stands on three fundamental functional units-Vata, Pitta and Kapha, where Vata, mobilizes the other two units. Depending on their locations, Vata (Vayu) is classified into five subtypes, where each has its distinct role to perform. Vyana Vayu (VV), an important subtype of Vata, is synthesized in myocytes and responsible for the genesis of the action potential. A key regulator in contractile functions, VV propels out nutrients from the heart. It not only mediates intracrine and paracrine activities but modulates the vascular tone too. Wherever there is scope to flow, VV has its unique role to contribute. Ancient scholars of Ayurveda have identified its ubiquitous role in the endogenous system, where all the activities depend on VV. Hence, preventing VV from any stimulus is of paramount importance since they consequently lead to various cardio vascular diseases (CVD). Classical texts have addressed the prognosis in six discrete phases where each phase can be avoided strategically. Highlighting the precipitants that attenuate VV, we focus on addressing those phases along with curative measures so that the functions of Vyana Vayu can be restored.

Keywords: Contractile functions, Phases of prognosis, Preventive cardiology, Vascular tone, Vyana Vayu.

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