Quick Guide in History Taking and Physical Examination

Cardiovascular Examination

Author(s): Nasser Ghaly Yousif*, Najah R. Hadi* and Fadhil G. Alamran * .

Pp: 44-63 (20)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815196894123010004

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


The Cardiovascular examination is typically focused in cardiac and blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease may present with a number of diverse symptoms; non-cardiac causes must also be considered. It allows for an initial assessment of symptoms and is crucial for determining the differential diagnoses and further steps in cardiac diseases. The present chapter gives students details in manual cardiac examination and makes it easy for medical students and junior doctors.

Keywords: Cardiac sound, Heart, Murmur.

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